KIA RIO

Since 2000 of release

Repair and car operation



Kia Rio
- 1.1. Short acquaintance to the car
   1.2. Keys
   1.3. Locks of doors
   1.4. An immobilizer
   1.5. Electric стеклоподъемники
   1.6. Seats
   1.7. Seat belts
   1.8. Back seat belts
   1.9. Safety pillows
   1.10. Components of system of pillows of safety
   1.11. A control lamp of a pillow of safety
   1.12. A luggage carrier door (5-door model)
   1.13. A luggage carrier cover
   1.14. A lamp of a luggage compartment
   1.15. A cowl
   1.16. Лючок a fuel tank
   1.17. A steering wheel
   1.18. Rear-view mirrors
   1.19. Salon illumination
   1.20. The salon equipment
   1.21. A digital watch
   1.22. Шторка a luggage carrier
   1.23. Power supplies socket
   1.24. The aerial
   1.25. The hatch in a roof
   1.26. The holder for sun glasses
   1.27. A cargo luggage grid
   1.28. The top luggage carrier
   1.29. The ignition switch
   1.30. Engine start-up
   1.31. A mechanical transmission
   1.32. An automatic transmission
   1.33. Brake system
   1.34. A lay brake
   1.35. The hydraulic amplifier of a steering
   1.36. An adjustable steering column
   1.37. A combination of devices
   1.38. Headlights
   1.39. Turn indexes
   1.40. The proof-reader of light of headlights
   1.41. Illumination of a day mode of operation
   1.42. Back antifog lanterns
   1.43. Screen wipers and стеклоомыватели
   1.44. A heater of back glass
   1.45. A heater of an external rear-view mirror
   1.46. Heating and ventilation system
   1.47. System work
   1.48. Information on tablets
   1.49. The emergency light alarm system
   1.50. Start-up of the engine from the storage battery of other car
   1.51. Safety locks
   1.52. Safety lock Memory
   1.53. Car towage
   1.54. Screen wiper brushes
   1.55. Replacement of lamps
   1.56. Care of appearance of the car
   1.57. Maintenance service
+ 2. Engines A3E, А5D
+ 3. Greasing system
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Ignition system
+ 7. Coupling
+ 8. A transmission
+ 9. Axes and power shafts
+ 10. A suspension bracket
+ 11. Wheels and tyres
+ 12. A steering
+ 13. Brake system
+ 14. A body
+ 15. Air central air
+ 16. The electric equipment







1.33. Brake system
THE GENERAL DATA

The amplifier of brakes

The car is equipped by brakes with the amplifier which during car operation are automatically regulated.

If for any reason, for example, an engine failure, the amplifier of brakes completely ceases to operate, the car can be stopped, pressing a pedal of a brake is stronger, than usually. The brake way, however, thus will increase. If the engine does not work, gradually, by each pressing a brake pedal, the stock of energy of the amplifier of brakes is lost. Therefore, if amplifier work is interrupted, do not press repeatedly a brake pedal, excepting cases, when necessary for controllability preservation on a slippery surface.

Antiblocking brake system (ABS)

The antiblocking brake system is established for the purpose of prevention of blocking of wheels at sharp braking or braking on a slippery surface. In comparison with usual brake system, the antiblocking system provides the best controllability at braking in such situations.

The antiblocking brake system (ABS) cannot compensate bad road conditions, undisciplined and dangerous driving or a wrong situation assessment.

The antiblocking brake system (ABS) is designed for the purpose of achievement of peak efficiency of braking on usual motorways and roads in a good condition. On roads with bad covering ABS can even lower efficiency of braking.

Always move with the reasonable speed answering to weather and road conditions.

Under normal conditions movements the antiblocking brake system behaves just as also usual brake system. ABS gets into gear at loss of coupling of wheels with road. Thus the brake pedal will pulse and it is possible to hear or feel its vibrations. This normal phenomenon, it shows correct work of system.

Operating the car equipped with antiblocking brake system, adapt style of movement for a condition of road and a road and transport situation and remember the following:

      – Do not press repeatedly a brake pedal, as at braking with usual brake system. That ABS worked correctly, sharply press a brake pedal, without using faltering braking;
      – Even to the car equipped ABS, long enough brake way is necessary. Therefore always observe a sufficient distance behind the cars moving ahead;
      – Before turn always reduce speed. The antiblocking brake system is not capable to prevent the failures which have arisen because of movement on too high speed;
      – On roads with wavy and rough surface ABS can increase a brake way in comparison with usual brake system;
      – Avoid movement with high speed on wet roads. ABS it is not capable to exclude danger of hydroplaning.

If there will be a breakage of antiblocking brake system, brakes will work further, as in usual brake system.


The prevention

If will join and the control lamp of system ABS will continue to burn, means at the car has failed ABS. However, brakes thus, will work in a usual mode.

At engine start-up the control lamp of system ABS will light up on 4–5 with. At this time ABS will undergo to trouble-shooting test. If all is as it should be, the control lamp will go out. If the lamp continues to burn, it means that in system ABS there is a malfunction.

If the storage battery of the car is discharged also engine start-up carried out by means of the storage battery of other car, the control lamp of system ABS can burn. It will be the result of a discharge of the storage battery, instead of because of breakage ABS.

Before a trip charge the storage battery.


If brakes have refused

If during movement the car was refused by the basic brakes, can use for emergency braking a lay brake. The brake way will be thus much longer.

Lay brake

Moving upwards the lever of a lay brake during car movement on normal speeds can cause unexpected loss of the control over the car. If it is necessary to use a lay brake for a car stop, do it carefully.

During movement on long or abrupt descents include a hill-climbing gear for avoidance of constant braking. Continuous braking leads to an overheat of brakes and decrease in efficiency of braking.

Wet brakes can worsen delay of the car and cause aspiration to turn in one or other party at braking. To define, whether brakes are wet it is possible, having pressed slightly a brake pedal. Always supervise in such a way brakes after moving through deep pools and other water barriers. Brakes dry up on a rectilinear safe site of road, supporting safe speed and easily pressing a brake pedal until efficiency of braking will not reach normal level.

The indicator of deterioration of overlays of disk brakes

The car is equipped by disk brakes of forward wheels.

If brake overlays wear out to maximum permissible size, it is necessary to replace them. Then forward brakes publish a continuous or faltering "peeping" sound.

Deterioration of brake overlays is signalled by the sound of a high-pitch tone meaning that the car requires passage of service survey. If to ignore the sound alarm system, it can lead to decrease in efficiency of braking and creation of dangerous situations.


The prevention

In some road either environmental conditions at the first or easy braking of a brake can publish a creaking sound of a high-pitch tone. It is the normal phenomenon which is not meaning malfunction of brakes.


Back drum-type brakes

Back drum-type brakes of the car have no indicator of deterioration of brake overlays. If back brakes publish "a creaking" sound, check up a condition of brake overlays. Supervise also back brakes each time when change or rearrange tyres and when change forward brake overlays or completely forward brakes.


The prevention

Replace brake колодки or brake overlays always in pairs for a forward and back axis.